How Much Does It Cost To Run An App – Have you seen how much electricity costs these days? As a result of about a hundred different global factors (local conflicts, slow uptake of renewable energy, monopolies of powerful energy companies – take your pick!), we’ve seen massive increases in energy costs in 2022/2023. In this power-hungry climate, a NAS drive (a 24×7 device) can understand that its cost in terms of electricity seems like a fuzzy number to the end user. Add to that the wide range of HDD/SSD drives on the market, as well as the many types of NAS on the market, the mix of CPUs, PSUs, bays and utilities – there are a lot of variables to try. the work. How much energy does your NAS drive use and how much does it cost your monthly energy bill! So today’s article is about how much electricity the various popular NAS setup options use, and how much £, $ or € it costs per day, month and year! We tested two popular desktop 4-bay NAS systems, connected them to power monitors, and looked at how much power they consumed during full active use and idle use. let’s begin.
Note – This is a guide to NAS drive capacity usage. If you want to know more about the power consumption of your computer running 24×7, CCL Online has a great guide that you can read here.
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Choosing the right NAS drive for these tests is always a challenge. I then plan to repeat these tests with a few other NAS drives, but these first few tests wanted to focus on the most popular NAS setups, and wanted to distinguish between newer generation CPUs and larger drives versus older generation devices. Low power media. There were a total of four separate tests with 2x tests for each NAS+Media configuration. These are the Synology DS920+ and 4x WD Red Plus HDDs (a very popular NAS setup in the last 2-2.5 years) and the QNAP TS-464 NAS and 4x WD Red 22TB NAS HDDs (summer 2022 releases and both refer to “high capacity” This Here’s a breakdown of the new NAS, hardware configurations, and test architecture with developers in mind:
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The first 24 hours (used for system initialization and RAID configuration) are not included in power consumption monitoring because, although they are visible in the graph, they are one-time, single-event instances. Each test (Active and Idle) was run for 24 hours and the total power consumption was expressed in kW (kilowatts). But what is the difference between active and passive activity? Why is this important?
A NAS is designed to run 24×7 and consumes electricity while it is running, but the real reality here and how much it consumes is actually more nuanced. Most home users with a NAS system use the NAS directly for much less time per day than when it’s actually turned on. Maybe show a movie or some TV series, run a daily backup, have multiple cameras inside/outside the house, send those recordings (or more often alerts and related recordings) to the NAS, and so on. Sometimes they do more than that, perhaps using VMs, more sophisticated backups or other services temporarily, but the result is that in most household/random standard residential scenarios, the NAS goes from Idle/Standby to active use internally very quickly. spend 80-90% of the time at low power. Business users can use the 24×7 system for synchronous tasks and continuous camera recording, but it uses a lower % of system resources. So, to find a comparative and comparative way to explore the capacity of NAS and its price, I conducted two tests according to NAS+HDD configuration. First, the 24 hour active test, the system using a good % of its CPU+Memory, does not allow the HDDs to go into Idle/Drain mode (typical S.M.A.R.T – write and hourly tests). Passive tests include disabling all applications, services, and scheduled operations and disconnecting the network cable from the NAS (for another 24 hours). From here we can calculate the cost of hourly energy consumption by setting high activity and near zero activity. But how does NAS calculate the cost of electricity used during that time period?
The cost of electricity used per day, month and year was calculated for the UK, USA, Germany, Australia and Canada. Now it is more difficult to use a selective electricity tariff, because there are thousands of different energy suppliers around the world, each with their own prices based on energy costs “per kWh”. So I used the national averages provided by “sust-it” for each of these areas. Some are more up-to-date than others (ie UK average energy costs from October 2022, Canadian average energy costs from March 2020), but this is still a good baseline to understand what a NAS drive is. It consumes electricity when it is working. The national averages used for each region in this article are as follows:
Both Synology and QNAP NAS systems have rates that we use to calculate operating costs (and more importantly, their respective WD Drive configurations and CPU usage).
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In the first test, I installed a Synology DS920+ NAS and WD Red 4TB hard drives in the following configuration for active testing:
Then, after 24 hours, I killed all these processes, disconnected the RJ45 LAN and put the NAS in idle/standby mode. The results were as follows:
The 0.42 kW used when loading the NAS and drives in RAID was not included in the relevant activity/idle tests. 24 hours of power consumption during active use was 0.51KW
So if you use the NAS actively 25% of the day (ie 6 hours of backups, media, etc.)
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Now keep in mind that each region’s price-to-kWh ratio varies dramatically, so even after currency conversion between different units (eg pounds vs. dollars), there is a significant difference in the price per day. , the exact month and year of the NAS+HDD installation above. Inactive power consumption was only 35.29% of active test power over the same 24-hour period.
Now, when it comes to our 2nd test, we must remember that the basic architecture of the QNAP TS-464 NAS is comparable to the DS920+, but the Intel N5105 in the QNAP NAS has a higher TDP rating and an average value. Use of energy. It’s more efficient, but that doesn’t always mean less power consumption – it just means the CPU has more of its full potential when it comes to pushing. Likewise, the 4TB drives in Synology’s test and the 22TB drives in QNAP’s test are both standard-looking WD Red 3.5″ SATA hard drive media, but the 22TB is a WD Red that uses multiple drives and uses conventional magnetic recording (CMR). . Por Drive – Much more nimble in design, with 10 2.2 TB platters inside and a bunch of internal hard drive mechanics. All this comes from WD Red Pro 22TB hard drives, and the QNAP TS-464 is relatively high in power consumption compared to the 2020 Synology DS920+ and WD Red Plus 4TB. Here’s the makeup for the QNAP/WD Red Pro tests:
In the QNAP + WD Red Pro 22TB RAID setup, booting and RAID creation took longer than in the previous test, resulting in a higher power consumption of 0.73 kW (compared to 0.42) (RAID ReSync set to high priority). A humble Synology/WD Red Plus setup). Indeed, this continued into the 24-hour active period, with this configuration ending up with 1.28kW in high-active use and 0.59kW during 24-hour idle.
The power difference between a powerful/capable CPU and 5 times the capacity of those WD Red Pro drives is very clear and obvious. Let’s take a look at how these results translate into your potential energy bills.
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With a ratio of 25% active and 75% passive, this high-capacity solution seems more attractively priced. Still, there’s no denying that enjoying modern high-capacity media can come at a hidden cost with the speed of this technology.
I recommend Synology